Noise Pollution Status in South-South Nigeria

Ohaeri, E. C. *

Institute of Natural Resources, Environment and Sustainable Development, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

Obafemi A. A.

Department of Geography, University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Noise pollution has gotten more significant as cities have grown more densely populated. This study aimed to assess the noise pollution level in the capital cities of Awa-Ibom, Bayelsa Calabar and Rivers State, South-South, Nigeria. Noise level measurement was conducted using Noise Level Meter (NM102). Noise level measurement for all sampling locations were conducted on working days (Monday through Friday) between February 2022 and January 2023.  Results showed that noise concentration in Port Harcourt ranged between 31 and 103 db(A), 31 and 103 db(A) in Calabar, 32.1-90.1 in Uyo and 30.1-83 db(A) in Yenagoa. The noise levels in Rivers, Calabar and Uyo exceeded the WHO limit of 90 db(A). This has great consequence on the comfort and health of persons residing close to areas with high noise generation. Measure to reduce noise pollution should be put in place in these cities.

Keywords: Noise, pollution, cities, comfort, health


How to Cite

Ohaeri, E. C., and Obafemi A. A. 2024. “Noise Pollution Status in South-South Nigeria”. Asian Journal of Geographical Research 7 (1):94-103. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajgr/2024/v7i1218.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Oviasogie AC, Ikudayisi AE. Comparative assessment of noise sources in two residential neighbourhoods in Benin City, Nigeria. International Journal of Environment and Pollution Research. 2019;7(3):21-28.

Oguntunde PE, Okagbue HI, Oguntunde OA, Odetunmibi OO. A study of noise pollution measurements and possible effects on public health in Ota Metropolis, Nigeria. Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2019;7(8);1391-1395.

Gidlöf-Gunnarsson A, Öhrström E. Noise and well-being in urban residential environments: The potential role of perceived availability to nearby green areas. Landscape and Urban Planning. 2007;83(2-3):115-126.

Oviasogie AC. Neighbourhood spatial pattern and noise disturbance in Benin City, Nigeria. Journal of Engineering Research and Reports. 2020;12(4): 37-46.

Bilewu SO, Salami AW, Ayanshola AM, Yusuf IT. Assessment of noise from transportation systems in Ilorin, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Technological Development. 2019;16(3):98-104.

World Health Organization. Environmental noise guidelines for the European Region. The Regional Office for Europe of the World Health Organization. 2018. Retrieved 27th August, Available: https://apps.who.int/iris/ handle/10665/279952

Manisalidis I, Stavropoulou E, Stavropoulos A, Bezirtzoglou E. Environmental and Health Impacts of Air Pollution: A Review. Frontiers in Public Health. 2020;8:14. Available: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00014

Saadu AA, Onyeonwu RO, Ayorinde EO, Ogisi FO. Road traffic noise survey and analyses in some major urban centers in Nigeria. Noise Control Engineering Journal. 1998;46:146-158.

Tunde AM, Abdulquadri S. Environmental noise pollution and its impacts on the hearing ability of men and women in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. Tanzania Journal of Science. 2021;47(5): 1517-1529. Available: https://dx.doi.org/10.4314/tjs.v47i5.3

Oguntoke O, Tijani YA, Adetunji OR, Obayagbona ON. Spatial analysis of environmental noise and auditory health of Abeokuta residents, Ogun State, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Science and Environmental Management. 2019;23 (9):1699-1707.

Akpan AO. Environmental noise pollution and impact in major markets of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. GJHSS-B. Geog., Geo-Sci, Env Sci & Dis Manag. 2018;18(1).

Haruna LZ, Fasakin JO, Emmanuel AA. Analysis of traffic noise levels on land use in Jos metropolis, Nigeria. International Journal of Advanced Research. 2023;6(1): 88-101.

Ihemeje J, Onyelowe KC. State-of-the-art review on the assessment and modelling of traffic noise intensity on roadside dwellers: The Port Harcourt, Nigeria case. Cleaner Engineering and Technology. 2021;5:1-14.

Nwaerema P, Solomon J, Dangana K. Mapping vehicular noise pollution in Port Harcourt Metropolis, Rivers State, Nigeria: Implication for a Sustainable Urbanization. Journal of Geographical Research. 2022;5(4):29-36.

National Population Commission (NPC). Nigeria National Census: Population Distribution by Sex, State, LGAs and Senatorial District: 2006 Census Priority Tables. 2006;3. Retrieved 27th August, 2023, Available:http://www.population.gov.ng/index.php/publication/140-popn-distri-by-sex-state-jgas-and-senatorial-distr-2006

Anomohanran O. Evaluation of environmental noise pollution in Abuja, the capital city of Nigeria. International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences. 2013;14(2): 470 – 476.

Mehdi MR, Kim M, Seong JC, Arsalan HM. Spatio-temporal patterns of road traffic noise pollution in Karachi, Pakistan. Environment International. 2011;37(1):97-104.

Abbaspour M, Karimi E, Nassiri P, Monazzam MR, Taghavi L. Hierarchal assessment of noise pollution in urban areas – A case study. Transportation Research Part D-transport and Environment. 2015;34:95-103. Available:https://doi.org/10.1016/J.TRD.2014.10.002

National Environmental Noise Standards and Control Regulations. (S.I. 288 of 2009). 2009. Retrieved 27th August, 2023. Available:https://www.ecolex.org/details/legislation/national-environmental-noise-standards-and-control-regulations-2009-si-288-of-2009-lex-faoc146077/