Climatic Variations and Challenges to Socio-economic Development amongst Mbororo Communities in Mbum Plateau, North West Region of Cameroon

Ngwani Awudu *

Department of Geography, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, University of Buea, P.O. Box 63 Buea, Cameroon.

Funwi Godlove Ngwa

Department of Geography, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, University of Buea, P.O. Box 63 Buea, Cameroon.

Suiven John Paul

Department of Geography and Planning, Faculty of Arts, University of Bamenda, Bamenda, Cameroon.

Yinkfu Randy

Department of Geography, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, University of Buea, P.O. Box 63 Buea, Cameroon.

Ngeh Roland Nformi

Department of Geography, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, University of Buea, P.O. Box 63 Buea, Cameroon.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

This study sets out to investigate the challenges hindering Mbororo sources of livelihood in Mbum Plateau, North West Region of Cameroon. Explanatory research was used where it specify the nature and direction of the relationships between the studied variables. The study used mixed methods of qualitative and quantitative approaches. The study employed the primary and secondary data sources to bring out realistic results. Rainfall Seasonality Index (SI) and Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) were employed to assess the vulnerability of the agro-hydrological system to climate variation. The major primary data sources used were field survey, interviews and questionnaires. A total of 200 questionnaires were distributed using stratified random and snow ball sampling techniques. The data obtained was complemented by secondary sources from published and unpublished materials. Data collected during the field survey were analyzed through two statistical techniques. The qualitative data obtained was analyzed through the content analysis whereas themes and codes were given to the different opinions and perceptions of the informants and their frequencies and percentages were being determined from there. Data were presented in tables, charts, maps, and graphs with some attempted interpretations. Data were analyzed using the chi-square and multiple regression models. The findings revealed that climate variability, dwindling pasture and low streams discharge are having negative effects on Mbororo communities. It was observed from satellite images that, land use over the years has been changing with reducing aerial extent and quality of pasture, reducing water points in Mbum Plateau. In order to adapt the decreasing cattle numbers on the side of the Mborroro, they have taken farming, diving, hawking arm rubbery, and schooling as new livelihoods sustenance. The study recommends a sustainable pastoral activity by encouraging the introduction of drought resistant cattle species, Bracharia and Guatemala grass to supplement the natural pasture. MINEPAI should regularly control herd size so as to ensure ecosystem balance and avoid overgrazing. Transhumance tracts and areas should be well demarcated to avoid frequent farmer-grazers’ conflicts and frequent cattle theft observed in the region.

Keywords: Climatic challenges, socio-economic development, Mbororo, Mbum plateau


How to Cite

Awudu , Ngwani, Funwi Godlove Ngwa, Suiven John Paul, Yinkfu Randy, and Ngeh Roland Nformi. 2024. “Climatic Variations and Challenges to Socio-Economic Development Amongst Mbororo Communities in Mbum Plateau, North West Region of Cameroon”. Asian Journal of Geographical Research 7 (2):53-73. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajgr/2024/v7i2231.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Africa Policy Circle. Addressing the challenges of urbanization in Africa. A summary of the 2019 Africa Policy Circle discussions; 2020.

Ngwani A, Balgah SN, Kimengsi JN. Urban planning challenges and prospects in Nkambe town, North West Region of Cameroon. Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth International. 2020; 24(5):83 to 95.

Article No, JGEESI. 51401

Nfor JT, Umaru B, Achankeng ET, Tsalefac M. Land and water resources management in Nkambe highlands of Cameroon. Challenges and perspectives. Joint proceedings of the 27th Soil Science Society of East Africa and the 6th African Soil Science Society; 2013.

Nakuru, Kenya. Nkambe council (2020). Land Use Plan (LUP) for Nkambe town; 2013.

Niba MLF, Kinyui CN, Mbu BK. Drainage basin anthroponisation and implication on water availability in the Mbum Plateau of Cameroon. International Journal of National Resource Ecology and management. 2022;22:7(3):121-131. Available:http://www.sciencepublishingg group.com/j/ijnrem DOI:co://648/j.ijnrem,20220703.11.

ISSN:2575-3088(Print); issn:2575-3061

Ngawni A. Impact of environmental change on the Mborroro ethnic group of the Mbum Platea, North West Region of Cameroon. Unpublished MSc. thesis of the department of Geography, University of Buea in Cameroon; 2016.

Amawa S.G., Kimengsi JN, Tata ES, Awambeng AE. The implications of climate variability on market gardening in Santa Sub-Division, Northwest Region of Cameroon. Environment and Natural Resources Research. 2015;5(2):14-23.

Nganjo NR, Wanie CM, Akei ML. The effects of deforestation of tropical montane forest on drinking water supply in Ndu Sub-Division, North West Region of Cameroon. Journal of Sustainable Resource Management. 2016;2.

Tume SJP, Fogwe ZN. Standardised precipitation index valuation of crop production responses to climate variability on the Bui Plateau, Northwest Region of Cameroon. Journal of Arts and Humanities. 2018;1(2):21-38.

Tume SJP. Rainfall characteristics of the Bamenda highlands and coastal lowlands of Cameroon: Examples from Ndu and Douala. Celebrating ten years of restless rest in Land mark research and Human resource development: Festchrift for professor emeritus Cornilius Mbifung Lambi. Volume one section two. Climate change, variability and adaptations; 2023.

Lambi CM, Revisiting the environmental trilogy: Man, environment and resources. In Lambi, C.M., (Ed.): Environmental issues: Problems and prospects. unique printers, Bamenda, Ndu council (2012). Council development Plan (CDP). 2001; 105–117.

Balgah RA, Kimengsi JN, Wirbam BMJ, Forti KA. Farmers Knowledge and Perceptions to Climate Variability in Northwest Cameroon. World Journal of Social Science Research. 2016;3(3):261-273.

Ngoran Hassan Afoni. An assessment of impact and adaptation strategies to climate variability within the agricultural sector in Bui Division, North West Region, Cameroon. Unpublihed PhD Thesis submitted in Department of Geography, Faculty of Social and Management Sciences, University of Buea; 2023.

Ngwani A, Roland N, Funwi GN, Randy N. Spatial planning challenges and implications on the development of Nkambe and Ndu secondary towns in the North West Region of Cameroon. International Journal of Current Research in Multidisplinary (IJCRM). 2023;8(2):01 to 14.

Ngawni A. Growth and development of secondary towns: Spatial planning implications in Donga Mantung Division in Cameroon. Unpublished Ph.D thesis of the department of Geography, University of Buea in Cameroon; 2022.

Tume SJP, Zetem CC, Nulah SM, Ateh EN, Mbuh BK, Nyuyfoni SR, Ahfembombi LL, Kwei J. Climate Change and Food Security in the Bamenda Highlands of Cameroon. In Squires, V.R., & Mahesh K. Gaur, M.K., (Eds., 2020): Food Security and Land Use Change under Conditions of Climate Variability: A Multidimensional Perspective. Springer Cham. 2020;107-124.

Tume SJP, Kongnso ME, Nyukighan MB, Dindze NE, Njodzeka GN. Stakeholders in climate change communication in the Northwest Region of Cameroon. In Tume SJP, Tanyanyiwa VI, (Eds.),: Climate Change Perception and Changing Agents in Africa & South Asia. Vernon Press, Wilmington. 2018;97-116.

World Meteorological Organisation. Standardized precipitation index user guide. WMO. Geneva. 2012;(1090):50.