Constraints to the Development of Ecotourism Potentials along the Babessi-Oku Axis, North West Region of Cameroon

Main Article Content

Nfor Frederick
Balgah Saunders Nguh

Abstract

Tourism has become one of the world’s largest industries, with an estimated US$ 3 trillion in annual revenues and expanding at an average rate of 4-5 per cent annually. Since the 1950s, the global market for international travel and tourism has exhibited uninterrupted growth. As the world is becoming a global village, (eco) tourists are looking for new attractions and these are well represented in Cameroon at large and in the Bamenda Highlands in particular. The Bamenda Highlands, on which the Babessi-Oku Axis is found, is one of the most spectacular ecotourism destinations in the country characterized by gentle undulating hilly savanna, patches of forest, lakes, waterfalls, mountains and an amazing cultural diversity. The main objective of this study was to examine the constraints to the development of ecotourism sector along the Babessi-Oku Axis and to develop a sustainable ecotourism management model to address these constraints. Data for this study were obtained through primary and secondary sources. Primary sources of data included: personal interviews, field observation, the use of camera, Geographic Positioning Systems (GPS), questionnaires and the use of Focus Group Discussions (FGDs). Secondary sources included: materials from published and unpublished works related to the current study, maps and the exploitation of aerial photographs. Findings revealed that there are a plethora of constraints plaguing the ecotourism sector along the Babessi-Oku Axis and these include: degradation of the Oku Montane Forest, poaching, forest destruction for agricultural purposes, extinction of fauna biodiversity, and lack of community participation among others. An ecotourism development model for the study area has been developed in order to sustainably address these ecotourism constraints along the Babessi-Oku Axis.

Keywords:
Ecotourism, Oku Montane Forest, constraints to ecotourism development, ecotourism development model

Article Details

How to Cite
Frederick, N., & Nguh, B. S. (2020). Constraints to the Development of Ecotourism Potentials along the Babessi-Oku Axis, North West Region of Cameroon. Asian Journal of Geographical Research, 3(4), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajgr/2020/v3i430112
Section
Original Research Article

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