Stakeholders’ Perception of the Triggering Mechanisms and Determinants of Flooding in Limbe, South West Region of Cameroon

Main Article Content

Robert Njilla Mengnjo Ngalim
Simbo Terence Nunyui


The study investigates stakeholders’ perception of the triggering mechanisms and determinants of flooding episodes in Limbe. Primary data were collected using questionnaires administered in ten (10) study sites. Interviews were conducted, field observation and measurement carried out on the drain sizes, height and duration of flooding. Secondary data were obtained from text books and journals. Data were analysed using qualitative and quantitative methods. Findings revealed that a plethora of triggering mechanisms of flooding were identified and analysed under natural and anthropogenic factors. However, of all these factors, prolonged rainfall and the inadequacy and narrowness of drains were perceived to be the most important triggering mechanisms of flooding in Limbe. The study concluded that flooding is a hazard that has been plaguing the city of Limbe for close to two decades and therefore needs appropriate flood control strategies to be employed to effectively control flooding since it cannot be completely stopped in some parts of Limbe. Since the inadequacy / narrowness of drains was perceived as the most important triggering mechanism of flooding in Limbe, it was recommended that wide drains be constructed in all the flood prone and flood affected areas in the city of Limbe.

Stakeholders, perception, triggering mechanisms, determinants, flooding episodes, Limbe, Cameroon.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ngalim, R. N. M., & Nunyui, S. T. (2020). Stakeholders’ Perception of the Triggering Mechanisms and Determinants of Flooding in Limbe, South West Region of Cameroon. Asian Journal of Geographical Research, 3(4), 17-34.
Original Research Article


United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Reducing disaster risk: A challenge for development. A global report. United Nations Development Programme, Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery. New York: Oxford University Press; 2004.

Buh WG. Potential Risk and Resettlement Areas in Limbe, Cameroon. Applied Research Grants Programme - Young Researcher's Project Brief – Round 2 (2005-2006) 2028CMR. 2007;1–2.

Buh WG. Geographic information systems based demarcation of risk zones: The case of the Limbe Sub-Division – Cameroon. Journal of Disaster Risk Studies. 2009;2(1): 54–70.

Asangwe CK. The Douala coastal lagoon complex, Cameroon: Environmental issues. In Administering Marine Spaces: International Issues. FIG publication No 36, 2006 Copenhagen, Denmark. 2006;134-147.

Lambi CM. The problems of floods in urban Yaounde. Annals from the Faculty of Letters and Social Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Series, Sciences Humanities. 1989;5(2): 175–190.

Fogwe ZN. Mitigating and managing regional geo-environmental hazards within a decentralisation transition in Cameroon. Journal of Human Ecology. 2010;30(3):87-195.

Aka FT, Ubangoh R, Ntepe N, Ateba B. The June 2001 catastrophic landslides and floods in Limbe, Southwest Province. Unpublished report to IRGM. 2001;14.

Lambi CM, Kometa SS, Fombe LF. Environmental Hazards and Landuse planning for sustainable development, The Limbe unstable coastal region, Cameroon. Department of Geography, University of Buea, Cameroon; 2004.

Kometa SS, Lambi CM. The Limbe geomorphological high risk problematic environment: An alternative landuse paradigm. African Journal of Social Sciences. 2010;1(2).

Buh WG, Aka FT. Enhancing resilience against floods in the Lower Motowoh community, Limbe, Southwest Cameroon. Disaster Prevention and Management; 2018. Project: Satreps NyMo. DOI: 10.1108/DPM-06-2018-0193

Mosima E. Floods continue to hit Yaounde. Cameroon Tribune; 2007.