Considerations on the Main Confrontations of Pollution by the Black Sea Ecosystem

Main Article Content

Bogdan-Vasile Cioruța
Mirela Coman

Abstract

Until the beginning of the 21st century, concerns related to environmental management have been reduced only to voluntary initiatives of nature lovers, rarely materializing in specific protection and conservation measures carried out by the authorities or administrators of those areas. As the concern for the management of protected areas, in general, of marine areas of community interest, in particular, is relatively new in Romania, and the information related to this subject is relatively little, especially those regarding marine ecosystems. We considered this study as useful to those with concerns in the field. The Black Sea ecosystem, following the analyzes carried out on the basis data from the media and the literature consulted, as well as following other observations, we concluded that it has a significant pollution with plastic waste, and less with petroleum products resulting from accidents and spills. At the same time, the protected areas associated with the Black Sea, as well as the marine ecosystem itself, are far from being affected by such incidents. Through this paper, we aim to review some general aspects of the main problems facing the Black Sea ecosystem, an ecosystem that has great potential to become a sustainable model of community development, promoting in them, more than in other areas, sustainable resource management. We also aim to highlight the evolution of pollution of the ecosystem considered, the study itself relating to the principles of management of protected areas of community interest and good practice policies specific to environmental management.

Keywords:
Coastal pollution, conservation, dangerous substances, ecological consequences

Article Details

How to Cite
Cioruța, B.-V., & Coman, M. (2020). Considerations on the Main Confrontations of Pollution by the Black Sea Ecosystem. Asian Journal of Geographical Research, 3(4), 46-55. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajgr/2020/v3i430116
Section
Original Research Article

References

Anonymous. Black Sea - polluted or contaminated?. Știință și Tehnică.

Available:stiintasitehnica.com/marea-neagra-poluata-sau-contaminata. Romanian Accessed 19.05.2020.

Anonymous. The problems facing the Black Sea - part 4. Accessed 17.05.2020. Available:http://d2ouvy59p0dg6k.cloudfront.net/downloads/partea_4.pdf. Romanian

Anonymous. Black Sea, the most polluted in Europe. Digi24, 10.09.2017. Accessed 10.05.2020. Available:www.digi24.ro/stiri/sci-tech/natura-si-mediu/marea-neagra-cea-mai-poluata-din-europa-791059. Romanian

Available:https://infonatura2000.cndd.ro/documents/album_infonatura2000.pdf

Available:https://ro.wikipedia.org/wiki/Litoralul_românesc

Anonymous. County report on the state of the environment, Chap. II.3. Marine and coastal environment - Marine sites in the Natura 2000 network. National Environmental Protection Agency. Available:www.anpm.ro/documents/18093/34129503/Capitolul+II.3+Mediul+marin+si+costier.pdf. Romanian Accessed 13.05.2020.

Available:https://ecomareaneagra.wordpress.com/marea-neagra

Available:http://ctptc-airinei.ro/catinfo/Marea Neagra.htm

Anonymous. BBC: The Black Sea, treated for decades as a landfill for Eastern countries, has become the most polluted in Europe. Digi24, 28.11.2019. Available:www.digi24.ro/stiri/externe/ue/bbc-marea-neagra-tratata-zeci-de-ani-ca-un-cos-de-gunoi-al-tarilor-din-est-a-ajuns-cea-mai-poluata-din-europa-1223624. Romanian. Accessed 11.05.2020.

Pop A. Why is the Black Sea the most polluted in Europe?. NewsWeek Romania, 13.12.2019. Available:https://newsweek.ro/sanatate/de-ce-este-marea-neagra-cea-mai-poluata-din-europa. Romanian Accessed 11.05.2020.

Duță C. The Black Sea ranks 2nd in the world in pollution. Cadran politic, 28.11.2019. Available:www.cadranpolitic.ro/marea-neagra-este-pe-locul-2-in-lume-privind-poluarea Romanian Accessed 25.05.2020.

Anonymous. Black Sea - destroyed by pollution. Karadeniz Press - Black Sea News and Analysis Agency, 29.11.2009. Available:https://karadeniz-press.ro/marea-neagra-distrusa-de-poluare, Romanian Accessed 12.05.2020.

Available:www.mariusmatache.ro/eutrofizare

Available:www.yumpu.com/ro/document/read/12605325/procesul-de-eutrofizare.pdf

Available:stiintasitehnica.com/eutrofizarea-incotro-doar-o-alta-forma-de-poluare-produsa-de-actiunea-omului

Marin D. Sunt algele marine folositoare?, Institutul Național de Cercetare-Dezvoltare Marină „Grigore Antipa” din Constanța (INCDM). Știință&Tehnică; 2016. Available:https://stiintasitehnica.com/sunt-algele-marine-folositoare

International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation Ltd. - www.itopf.org Available:www.stopco2.ro/2010/09/16/poluare-cu-pacura-in-marea-neagra-dupa-spargerea-unei-conducte-la-constanta/

Available: www.cotidianul.ro/poluare-cu-petrol-in-marea-neagra/

Available:www.ziuaconstanta.ro/diverse/stiri-calde/poluare-cu-petrol-in-marea-neagra-526079.html

Available:www.descopera.ro/dnews/1036123-dezastru-ecologic-in-marea-neagra