Comparative Assessment of Vulnerability to Drought and Flood in the Lower Teesta River Basin: A SWOT Analysis

Main Article Content

Sk. Junnun Al-Hussain
Shitangsu Kumar Paul
Md. Nazir Hossain

Abstract

People repeatedly confronted by natural catastrophe in almost every year such as drought and flood in the lower Teesta Basin area. After the construction of two barrages in Gozaldoba and Dalia on Teesta River drought and flood occurs almost every year. Intensity and frequency of these calamities are also increasing in an alarming rate, which caused serious damage to livelihoods and economy of this area. The objective of this paper is to find out the drought and flood induced vulnerability in the study area through Strength Weakness Opportunities Threat (SWOT) analysis. By this we can summarize the current state of a space and helping to devise a plan for the future, one that employs the existing strengths, redresses existing weaknesses, exploits opportunities and defends against threats. The study is conducted in Charkharibari village of Tepakharibari union of Dimla upazilla in Nilphamary district and Jigabari village of Tepamadhupur union of Kaunia upazilla in Rangpur district, taking the locational advantage, flood and drought proneness, topographic nature and population diversity under consideration. The study population is finite and sample size was determined by using Kothari’s formula. Sample size for Charkharibari and Jigabari is 200 and 85 respectively; samples were drawn through Simple Random Sampling (SRS) procedure. The relevant data and information used in this study have been collected from both primary and secondary sources. Primary data has been collected through a questionnaire survey and couple of Focus Group Discussions (FGD’s) with a view to collect quantitative as well as qualitative data. Results from Strength Weakness Opportunities Threat (SWOT) analysis shows that, between the two villages severity of drought and flood is higher in Charkharibari village. After comparing the strengths Jigabari is ahead; comparing weakness, opportunities and threat Charkharibari is ahead. Based on the analysis and the findings, it is evident that in terms of vulnerability Charkharibari is more vulnerable than Jigabari. But there are more opportunities for Charkharibari than Jigabari. However, it is evident that proper dissemination of information regarding early warning and assistance from government as well as non-government organizations can significantly improve the coping capacity of people.

Keywords:
Drought, flood, vulnerability, disaster, SWOT, Teesta, Bangladesh.

Article Details

How to Cite
Al-Hussain, S. J., Paul, S. K., & Hossain, M. N. (2021). Comparative Assessment of Vulnerability to Drought and Flood in the Lower Teesta River Basin: A SWOT Analysis. Asian Journal of Geographical Research, 4(1), 20-33. https://doi.org/10.9734/ajgr/2021/v4i130124
Section
Original Research Article

References

Talukdar S, Ghose B, Salam R, Mahato S, Pham QB, Linh NTT, Avand M. Flood susceptibility modeling in Teesta River basin, Bangladesh using novel ensembles of bagging algorithms. Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment. 2020; 34(12):2277-2300.

Meetei LI, Pattanayak SK, Bhaskar A, Pandit MK, Tandon SK. Climatic imprints in Quaternary valley fill deposits of the middle Teesta valley, Sikkim Himalaya. Quaternary International. 2007;159(1):32-46.

Chaudhuri S, Chaudhuri U. And the Teesta Flows... New Delhi, New Delhi, India: Niyogi Books; 2015.

Mondal MSH, Murayama T, Nishikizawa S. Assessing the flood risk of riverine households: A case study from the right bank of the Teesta River, Bangladesh. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 2020;51:101758.

Joshi HG. Sikkim: Past and Present. Sikkim, Sikkim, India: Mittal Publications; 2004.

Hossain MN, Paul SK. assessing impacts of monga, priority and needs, and level of satisfaction on mitigation services in northern Bangladesh. The Journal of Geo-Environment. 2015;12:15-34.

Zannah R, Mohammed K, Rahman A, Yunus A. Analysis on flow and water balance parameters of Teesta River Basin due to climate change and upstream intervention. In Water, Flood Management and Water Security Under a Changing Climate . Springer, Cham. 2020; 267-282.

Islam N. Dammed-river-dead-river-a-case-study-in-teesta-river; 2009 .
Available:https://prodip.wordpress.com viewed on 10 August 2020.

Khan I, Ali M. Potential changes to the water balance of the Teesta River Basin Due to Climate Change. American Journal of Water Resources. 2019;7(3):95-105.

Hossain MN. Analysis of human vulnerability to cyclones and storm surges based on influencing physical and socioeconomic factors: Evidences from coastal Bangladesh. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 2015;13:66-75.

Hossain MN, Paul SK. Simulation of physical and socioeconomic factors of vulnerability to cyclones and storm surges using GIS: a case study, Geo Journal. 2017;82(1):23-41.

Hossain MN, Paul SK. Vulnerability factors and effectiveness of disaster mitigation measures in the Bangladesh Coast. Earth Systems and Environment. 2018;2(1):55-65.

Mbugua A. Water Scarcity in Northern Bangladesh . Dinajpur : Gram Bikash Kendra (GBK); 2011.

Akhter S, Eibek KU, Islam S, Islam ARMT, Chu R, Shuanghe S. Predicting spatiotemporal changes of channel morphology in the reach of Teesta River, Bangladesh using GIS and ARIMA modeling. Quaternary International. 2019; 513:80-94.

Ahmed AU, Mirza MM. Review of causes and dimensions of floods with particular reference to flood. Perspectives of Flood, Dhaka Books; 2000.

Hossain MN, Chowdhury S, Paul SK. Farmer level adaptation to climate change and agricultural drought: empirical evidences from the Barind region of Bangladesh. Natural Hazards. 2016;83(2): 1007–1026.

Hossain MN, Paul P. Impacts of climatic variability on agriculture and options for adaptation in the Surma River basin, Bangladesh. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 2019;191(2):111.

Paul SK. Vulnerability concepts and its application in various fields: A review on geographical perspective. Journal of Life and Earth Science. 2013;8:63-81.

Whalley A. Strategic marketing. Andrew Whally and Ventus Publishing APS; 2010.
ISBN 978-87-7681-643-8.

Riston N. Strategic management. Neil Riston and Ventus Publishing APS; 2008. ISBN 978-87-7681-417-5.

Hossain MN, Paul SK, Roy C, Hasan MM. Factors influencing human vulnerability to cyclones and storm surges in coastal Bangladesh. The Journal of Geo-Environment. 2015;11(Special volume):1-29.

Zakia N, A M. Livelihood challenges in the Teesta River Basin: Sabina’s Life Now and Then; 2015 .
Available: www.hi-aware.org
Available;http://www.hiaware.org/index.php?id=120 viewed on 10 August 2020.