Asian Journal of Geographical Research 2020-08-06T04:32:47+00:00 Asian Journal of Geographical Research Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Journal of Geographical Research&nbsp;(ISSN: 2582-2985)</strong> aims to publish high-quality papers (<a href="/index.php/AJGR/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of Geography and Earth Science. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> Copper Concentration and Distribution in the Ground Water of Delta State Polytechnic, Ozoro, Nigeria 2020-08-06T04:32:47+00:00 O. R. Akpomrere H. Uguru <p>Copper toxicity in the ecosystems have becomes a global concern in recent times; therefore, there is need to curtail the increment of copper concentration within the environment. In this study, a total of 67 ground water samples were collected from the premises of Delta State Polytechnic, Ozoro, at a depth of 90 cm. The water samples were collected during the peak of the rainy season (September 2019); when the water table of the study area was very high, close to the soil surface. Copper concentration of all the water samples collected was measured using the Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). The results showed that copper concentration in the study ranged between 1.01 mg/L and 2.105 mg/L. The spatial distribution of the copper concentration within the study area was determined using Geostatistical tool. Variation map developed from the results showed that the copper concentration does not spread uniformly across the study area. High copper concentration was generally recorded at the North Eastern and central parts of the school; while low copper concentration was recorded at the South Eastern part of the school. Furthermore, the results strongly showed that waste dump potentially affects the copper concentration of the ground water within the study area. This study results advocated the need for proper waste disposal with the polytechnic environment, and the adequate treatment of the groundwater before human consumption.</p> 2020-07-16T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Global Warming and Sea Level Rising: Impact on Agriculture and Food Security in Southern Coastal Region of Bangladesh 2020-08-06T04:32:45+00:00 M. A. Awal M. A. H. Khan <p>Climatologically, the entire southern coastal belt of Bangladesh is most vulnerable than the other parts of the country due to its spatial geo-morphological settings. Global warming and sea level rise are already observed and predicted to be occurred more with time. These bring real negative consequences on the agricultural production and food security, and livelihood for the people live in the coastal areas. Therefore, the study was conducted to analyze the effect of global warming and sea level rise on the agriculture and food security in southern coastal areas of Bangladesh. Both primary and secondary sources of information were collected. Stakeholder consultation, direct field visits and interview of climate affected people in the coastal region were carried out for collecting information on land-use and cropping patterns and adaptation measures to be taken to boost crop production against global warming and sea level rise. By the middle and end of the twenty first century, global annual mean temperature is predicted to be increased about 1.5<sup>o</sup>C and 2.5<sup>o</sup>C, respectively. These projected warming will lead to about 14, 32 and 88 cm sea level rise by 2030, 2050 and 2100, respectively which would cause inundation of about 8, 10 and 16 percent of total land masses in Bangladesh. Most of the coastal parts and associated islands of Khulna and Barisal divisions and western part of Chattagram division lie within one meter from sea level where incursion of saline water is common. It is predicted that these areas will be inundated and unsuitable for crop production due to upcoming sea level rise. The predominant crop in entire coastal belt is transplanted <em>Aman</em> with sporadic occurrences of <em>Aus</em> rice. The land in <em>Boro</em> rice season either loosely occupied by mungbean, grass pea, cowpea, groundnut, soybean, potato, sweet potato, chili etc or remained fallow until the following monsoon. A systemic analysis of all of the cyclones that originated from the Bay of Bengal since 1961 indicated that most devastating cyclones formation occurred from last quarter of April through May and from middle of October to November just prior to the harvest of <em>Boro</em> and <em>Aman</em> crops, respectively. Therefore, <em>Boro</em> and <em>Aman</em> rice harvests are mostly unpredictable every year posing great threat to the food security of the coastal people. These areas are criss-crossed by innumerable water canals or channels especially in Barisal and Khulna divisions which can be utilized for <em>Boro</em> rice cultivation in dry season despite some levels of salinity. Cultivation of salt-tolerant crop varieties could mitigate such hindrances. Introduction of saline tolerant <em>Boro</em> rice in coastal cropping patterns and/or advancing the harvesting times by a fortnight in both <em>Aman</em> and <em>Boro</em> rice seasons to avert cyclonic havoc not only ensure food security but also turn the entire coastal belt into a food surplus region.</p> 2020-07-17T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Effects of Leasehold on Community Forest Association Benefits in Dryland Resources Management: A Case Study of Kibwezi Forest in Kenya 2020-08-06T04:32:41+00:00 John Mwendwa Mugambi Jane Kagendo Mulaha Kweyu Musingo Tito E. Mbuvi <p><strong>Aims: </strong>The aim of this paper was to investigate whether community forest association (CFA) get benefits as they conserve dryland forest that is also fully leased.</p> <p><strong>Study Design:</strong> The paper adapted descriptive survey design. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used.</p> <p><strong>Place and Duration of Study: </strong>The study was conducted between the year 2018 December and 2020 January in Kibwezi forest.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> This study included 139 individuals who were issued with questionnaires (household survey) and 5 officials from forest department who were interviewed.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The questionnaires response rate was 96% since 134 questionnaires out 139 were returned. The introduction of leasehold significantly reduced benefits community forest association used to get. There is no significant association between being a member of Community Forest Association and getting employment in dryland forest conservation sinceChi square results were; χ<sup>2 &nbsp;</sup>=3.953, df=3<em>, P</em>=.267.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> There is no special benefit the Community Forest Association gets from conservation of Kibwezi forest. For community to participate in forest management that have been leased there should be incentives. In fully leased forest, community forest members should jointly work with Kenya Forest Service as per the Participatory Forest Management. To get desired results of community forest participation in dryland, different actors should come up with innovative ways of conferring benefits to the Community Forest Association and compel the lessee to adhere to the legal requirement of continued access of benefits to the communities as it was before the lease.</p> 2020-07-18T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##