Open Access Original Research Article

Assessment of Challenges Associated with Waste Disposal in Zuru Town, Kebbi State

A. Lami, A. G. Fada, H. Y. Sanda

Asian Journal of Geographical Research, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ajgr/2019/v2i430090

The topic of environmental protection has attained highest importance in this era globally but the practices of basic concepts of waste disposal are often neglected. People around the globe are aware of the impact of improper waste disposal practices, but the negative attitude of implementation gives rise to chaotic situations. This study was conducted to assess the challenges associated with waste disposal in Zuru town, Kebbi state. This cross sectional study was conducted using a well-designed and validated questionnaire. Purposive sampling method was adopted to select three residential categories. After which Yamane’s formula was adopted to arrive at the sampling size of 312. The data was analyzed using frequency, percentage, Chi-square and ANOVA. The result shows that 58.3% of the respondents are female, 32.1% fall between the ages 30 and 39 years, while only 3.8% are above 60 years. Majority, (70.2%) possessed primary education; many (36.2%) are business personnel and only 9.6 of the respondents earn above ?100,000 per month. Result further shows that majority (80%) of the waste are non-biodegradable. Result also revealed that many (42.3%) of the households burns their waste. The result shows that 52.6% of households are ignorant of the problems associated with indiscriminate disposal of waste in the area while 47.4% claimed they are aware. A portion (61.2%) of the households identified environmental pollution as the major problem of indiscriminate waste disposal, 22.4% of the household claimed outbreak of diseases as the problem of indiscriminate waste disposal, 8.3% and 8.0% of them identified other problems and breeding of disease pathogens as the major problems of indiscriminate disposal of waste respectively. The level of ignorant of Zuru households about the problems associated with indiscriminate disposal of waste could be ascribed to inadequate sensitization about the menace of the improper disposal of waste in the area or low level of education. The study concludes that the waste generation from the different residential categories in Zuru town is both the biodegradable and non-biodegradable. The study recommends adequate sensitization on the menace of burning waste.

Open Access Original Research Article

This paper examined human activities and their attendant impacts on the riparian ecosystem of the stream, a case study of ogangan stream in Igede-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria with the major aim to assess the rate of increase in human activities and its attendant impacts on the riparian ecosystem of the stream. The study was carried out in 2019 and employed the collection of data from both primary and secondary sources. Sixty (60) copies of questionnaire were administered for this study through random sampling of the respondents; data collected were presented in statistical tabulated tables, charts and graphical representation. Descriptive statistics such as pie chart, distribution curve, frequencies, and percentages were employed to analyze data. The outcome of the study revealed that, human activities were rapidly increasing in the riparian zone than ever, as more people spread to reside in the area which has detrimental effects on the riparian zone of the river. The study concluded that this unprecedented rate of increase in human activities in the study area was degrading the capability of the riparian zone to provide ecosystem services and therefore recommended that the State Government should implement law for the protection of riparian habitat. This law should be accompanied with implementing mechanism for its sustainability.

Open Access Original Research Article

Aims: The aim of the study was to investigate the regeneration status and importance of Hypahene thebaica L. and associated species in Tekeze riparian vegetation of the North western zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. 

Study Design: Systematic sampling technique.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was carried out along Tekeze riverine vegetation, northern Ethiopia between January 2015 and March 2015.

Methodology: Three transects (one and two transects on the right and left side of the Tekeze River, respectively) were laid. The distance between the two transects on the left side of the river was 200 m. Along the transects, 30 plots were established systematically at intervals of 100 m to collect vegetation data.

Results:  Eighteen plant species belonging to 12 families were recorded. Fabaceae was found to be the dominant family in the study area and were represented by five species, which contributed to 27.7% of the total species documented, whereas nine families were represented by one species each. The overall density of the study area was 70.97 individuals/ha. Hyphaene thebaica was the second abundant species with 16.13 individuals/ha, and contributed 22.7% to the total density of the riparian vegetation. The total basal area of plants was 1.03 m2 ha-1. Hyphaene thebaica was ranked third and accounts for 12.6% of the total basal area with 0.13 m2 ha-1. The species was the most frequent with 17.02%, followed by Ricinus communis and Balanites aegyptiaca. Balanites aegyptiaca (53.52%), H. thebaica (52.37%) and Ricinus communis (51.76%) were the three most important species.

Conclusion: More mature trees were documented than saplings and seedlings,  indicating “poor’’ regeneration status for the riparian vegetation. Hyphaene thebaica has shown “fair’’, while most species were found to have “poorly’’ or “no’’ regenerating. Hence a sound management plan is urgently required to sustainably utilize and conserve the riverine vegetation. 

Open Access Original Research Article

An Appraisal of the Attributes of Incremental Housing in Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria

O. O. Ojo, A. A. Shittu, T. J. Adebolu

Asian Journal of Geographical Research, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ajgr/2019/v2i430094

This paper examined the attributes of incremental housing in Akure, a three-stage sampling was done. First, the peripheral areas of Akure metropolis was identified and used as the clusters. The second stage of sampling involved selecting communities from each peripheral area in Akure metropolis. In selecting the communities, purposive sampling was employed. The third stage of sampling was used in choosing the target units which were the incremental house owners. Sample size was selected using statistically valid methods with the assurance of complete data from the sampling frame and such data are collected in a reliable manner. Google Earth imagery of the study area was gotten from Google Earth Pro. The imagery was digitized and the numbers of buildings were counted using Autocad. Oba-Ile had 1,013 buildings, Ijoka had 413 buildings, Igoba had 602 buildings while, Orita-Obele had 565 buildings, and the number of buildings from the four corridors were estimated to a total of 2,593 buildings. Findings revealed that incremental housing developers in Akure fringe areas generally have a household size of 4 to 6 members, despite that the respondents have been staying in the study area for years, there were still uncompleted buildings because of the low income class they belongs to, due to low income the completion of the project will still take a longer time, a good number of the incremental developers have building plans for their building projects, while there are some without building plans, it is an attribute of the majority of the housing developers to build houses without an approved building plan and majority of the incremental houses in the study were still under construction. It is recommended that the NGOs, Private sectors as well as Microfinance should help in encouraging the developers by giving them flexible loan and also create awareness, advocacy, project monitoring and evaluation, providing checks during projects and programmes implementation.

Open Access Original Research Article

Fire disaster is accident that occur most frequently with different causes. It requires strong intervention for a sustainable fire-free environment. This study assessed causes and people’s behaviour in fire disasters towards a sustainable fire-free environment in Kebbi State, Nigeria. The study focused at identifying remote causes of fire disasters in Kebbi State, the people’s behaviour in/to fire situations using the state capital (Birnin Kebbi) as well as equipment available in the state fire service head-office towards a fire-free environment. Descriptive research approach was used. A sample size of 204 respondents (30 market traders, 144 occupants and 30 fire service personnel) obtained through Cochran 1963 sample size formula were randomly selected. Questionnaire and observation were used to collect data which were analyzed through descriptive statistics (frequency tables and percentages) and results were presented in charts. Results revealed that electrical fault/wiring, political reasons, negligence among others are the causes of fire disaster in the area with electrical fault/wiring as the remote cause. The behaviour of people towards building a sustainable fire-free environment shows people of the area do help one another in extinguishing fire whenever it strikes. Results also shows that lack of manpower and standard fire stations were the prominent challenges faced by the state fire service head-office in the state capital prompting incessant burning and resulting lives and property loss. Occupants of the area should always read and comply with safety guides of electrical appliances bought before use to avoid and prevent them from substandard gadgets that have ability of endangering their lives.